Norilsk Crazy People

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Norilsk Crazy People

Norilsk Crazy People

Norilsk Crazy People

When you hear of the city of Norilsk Russia, due to the misguided media the first things that come to your mind is an isolated part of Arctic Russia with no roads or train routes and the region that undergoes the severest winters but the other side of the picture tells another story. However, Norilsk is the city occupied by beautiful landscapes with some amazing historic buildings, but what really makes Norilsk astonishing is its crazy people who are deeply in love with their city.

At this point, most of the people would be wondering that how Norilsk people get a feel for life with extreme climate conditions in the world, in beyond those normal temperatures and extended periods with no daylight. Being human, it’s our nature most of the time that we judge the book by its cover and the same thing has been applied to Norilsk, Siberia instead of taking the time to really understand this city.

Norilsk People Knows How To Beat The Extreme Living Conditions

The residents of Norilsk, Russia have found ways to make their professional, family, and personal lives meaningful and satisfying! Since it is in our nature to transform our surroundings and make them as enjoyable as possible with what we have available and that’s what the Norilsk People do. Therefore, even because of those harsh living conditions, the city has a population of 170,000 residents in which 60% of the population is involved in the industry.

Summer And The Norilsk People

Norilsk crazy people

Norilsk crazy people

For the two months when it's not cool, a genuine northern summer arrives the city of Norilsk, Siberia. It doesn't keep going long, however, it's hot, very nearly 24 degrees. Local people take kayaks onto the Kharelakh waterway. They fill a bushel with oranges, cloudberries and enjoy sunbathing in tourist camps build at the shores of the river. When the sun is out picnics, barbecues, sunbathing, and swimming is organized.

People With Great Moral Values

Having a good sense of humor, Norilsk people spend a great part of their time during polar on reading and carrying out hobbies, and skiing in the mountains. Skiing amid the polar evenings, when the entire sky is lit up ablaze can be a great fantasized adventure. Moreover, due to the reason that there are not a lot of places to go out, the tradition of having kitchen parties and spending much more time to communicate in person is still alive.

Norilsk Kids

Norilsk crazy people

Norilsk crazy people

Kids are permitted to play outside just under specific conditions of being wrapped up properly to defend the cold weather but mostly they have to spend their time inside. Therefore, there are vast closed spaces that are intended for them, so they can enjoy few of outdoor activities like cycling etc. even in the winter.

Norilsk and the “Walrus” club

Quenching is done in order to adapt to the cold in Norilsk, Siberia is. There is a “Walrus” club in Norilsk where people swim in outdoor ice-holes regardless of the temperature and to keep themselves warm after swimming, Norilsk people use small saunas that are heated with steam from the power plant.

Well, apart from the extremely cold atmosphere in Norilsk, Russia, there is another magical atmosphere that exists among people who live in Norilsk and it is the atmosphere of affection that is recognized only by those who live there.

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Norilsk: Siberia rivers and lakes

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Norilsk: Siberia rivers and lakes

Norilsk: Siberia rivers and lakes

Norilsk: Siberia rivers and lakes

Siberian lake

The Lake Baikal is located in the South Siberian mountains, with 1642 m depth of the deepest lake and with a volume of 23,615 cubic kilometers of water-rich freshwater lake in the world. It contains about one fifth of the world's existing liquid freshwater.

Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean

  • The 3650 km long Ob has an average discharge of about 13,000 m³ / s (1995) and drains 2.43 million km² of western Siberia and Kazakhstan into the Arctic Ocean . It rises as Katun in the Altai Mountains. It has a 1000 km long and up to 60 km wide estuary , the Obbusen . Its main tributaries are from south to north:
  • The Tschulym , 1799 km long right tributary, comes with its right source river White Ijus on 2023 km. Both spring up in the Sayan Mountains .
  • The Irtysch , 4248 km long left tributary, rises on the south side of the Mongolian Altai in the Dsungarei , reached by the Dzungarian Porte Kazakhstan and only 1500 km further Siberia.
  • The 2450 km long Ishim , left tributary of the Irtysh, comes from the Kazakh steppe and reached only in the lower reaches of Siberia.
  • The other left tributary Tobol , 1591 km long, rises in the southeastern foothills of the Urals mountains in Kazakhstan. More than half of its river lies on Russian territory.
Ship lift at Yenisei river

Ship lift at Yenisei river

  • The 4092 km long Yenisei has an average discharge of about 20,000 m³ / s (1995) and drains 2.44 million km² of Siberia and Mongolia . Its estuary is about 500 km long. Its main tributaries flow from the right. List in descending order of mouths:
  • The Angara is the only outflow of Lake Baikal. It leaves the lake not far from its southern end and flows in a northwesterly direction through the Irkutsk Reservoir , at the dam Irkutsk is located. A little further north of this city, in which the coming from the southwest Irkut terminates, she passes Angarsk. A few kilometers below the city, the Angara River flows through the large Bratsk Reservoir , where it flows into the extreme south of the Central Siberian mountainous region. In the lake it flows to the coming from the southwest Oka, about where it reaches the city Bratsk . Between Irkutsk and Bratsk the Angara is navigable.
  • The Selenga is an influx of Lake Baikal and thus one of the Angara. The upper two-thirds of their run belong to Mongolia.
  • The 2989 km long Untere Tunguska rises 100 km southeast of the Stony Tunguska and is separated in the upper reaches only by a ridge of the valley of the Lena. In the Yenisei it flows 600 km downstream of the stony Tunguska.
  • The Olenjok is a 2292 km long stream in the Krasnoyarsk Krai and in Yakutia, which rises in the middle of the mountains.
  • The 4400 km long Lena rises only about 5 km from the central western shore of Lake Baikal in the arch between the lake and the Angara. It drains 2.46 million km² and contributes an average of 16,400 m³ / s (1994) in its 200 km wide delta into the Arctic Ocean , here called Laptewsee . Their largest tributaries are in descending order of junctions:
  • The strongly winding Witim rises east of Lake Baikal in the mountains between the lake and the Ingoda . It is 1968 km long.
  • The 1436 km long Oljokma springs between Witim and Schilka and is also a mountain river in full length.
  • The 2273 km long Aldan rises on the north side of the Stanowoigebirges, describes a wide arc around Yakutsk and reaches the Lena in the Mitteljakutischen lowlands .
  • The 872 km long Jana flows east of the Lena between Werchojansk mountains and Cherskigebirge . It originates from the union of Dulgalach and Sartang and is 1492 km long. The Jana region with the city of Verkhoyansk is considered (beside Oymyakon on the Indigirka) as a cold pole of Russia and the coldest inhabited area of he world.
  • The north of the Okhotsk Sea springing Indigirka is 1726 km, with its source river Chastach 1977 km long. More than half of it flows through the East Siberian highlands before it reaches the lowlands and then flows with a 100 km wide delta in the East Siberian Sea .
  • The more famous Kolyma , 2129 km long, rises in the same mountains and flows 400 km east of the Indigirka with a delta-like divided estuary. It drains 526,000 km² and its discharge averaged about 2728 m³ / s.

Siberian Rivers that flow into the Pacific

  • The Amur forms since 1858/1860 along with its source river Argun (1620 km) and its tributary Ussuri the largest part of the (East Asian) border between Russia and China. Below the Ussuri estuary, it flows northward only through Russian territory. The Amur is by name 2824 km long, with its source river Schilka (555 km) and its longer source river Onon (1032 km) hydrologically even 4411 km. Its main tributaries are from west to east:
  • The 1208 or 1242 km long Seja comes from the Stanowoigebirge in the north.
  • The 1927 km long Songhua Jiang , Russian Sungari , is located with its catchment area completely outside of Russia and drains the northern half of Manchuria and the extreme east of Inner Mongolia
  • The 588 km long Ussuri rises east of Vladivostok in the south of the Sikhote-Alin Mountains just a few kilometers from the coast and reaches the Amur at Khabarovsk .
  • The 1146 km long Anadyr is the easternmost current of the Old World and at the same time one of the northernmost. Its catchment area covers 191,000 km². It rises 50 km north of the Arctic Circle and flows after bogigem course 400 km as the crow flies southeast of its source with an estuary into the Bering Sea .

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Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Siberia refers, in the broadest sense, to the entire North Asian part of the Russian Federation. It is bordered to the west by the Urals, to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Pacific and to the south by the People's Republic of China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan.

Siberia covers about three-quarters of the Russian territory and is about 13.1 million square kilometers; thus it is about 3.5 million km² larger than the People's Republic of China (about 9.6 million km²), the largest independent state in Asia.

Siberia means five out of the eight major Russian landscapes: the Great Western Siberian Lowland , the North Siberian Lowlands, the Mid-Yakut Lowlands, the Mid-Siberian Highlands, and the South Siberian Mountains.  East Siberia (two other large landscapes east of the Lena) and the southeastern regions of Russia between Amur and the Pacific coast, however, are also referred to as Russian Far East.

Siberian flora

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Siberia is divided from north to south into tundra, taiga, forest steppe and steppe. The tundra is mostly flat. There grow mainly small shrubs, grasses, upholstery and moss plants and lichens. The taiga is largely flat. There are coniferous forests, swamps and peat bogs . In the west, spruce and pine dominate , in the east more larch . The forest steppe is flat to shallow. There are often erosions here and the snow cover is very thin. In the steppe there are many grasses and herbs, in the forest steppe are especially birch.

Siberia climate

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

Norilsk: Siberia, how much you know about it?

In most regions of Siberia, there is a pronounced continental climate: Relatively hot summers (up to +40 ° C) are replaced by extremely cold winters (down to -72 ° C). Often the land is covered by snow cover for up to nine months. The landscape is largely dominated by boreal forests (taiga), in the Arctic regions treeless tundra prevails . In between there exists a transitional form with the forest tundra zones. In the south the taiga passes into steppe.

Large parts of Siberia are occupied by permafrost (permanently frozen soil ), which thaw only superficially in the warm season. Dew and rainwater can not seep in there. The waterlogging leads in the short summer to an extreme mosquito wealth . The fact that the soil under buildings and traffic thaws more than normal, creates considerable problems in their construction and maintenance. The permafrost includes the tundra and large parts of the taiga and extends east of Lake Baikal to its southern edge - and the southern border of the Russian national territory. About one third of Siberia has continuous permafrost, especially the Republic of Sakha ( Yakutia) and their northwestern and northeastern neighboring areas. About half of Siberia has permafrost soils in addition to completely thawing areas. Only the extreme southwest and narrow stripe areas on the middle Amur and on the Pacific coast have no permafrost.

On the coast of south-eastern Kamchatka , the birch forest tundra becomes a birch forest; with the volcano Korjakskaja Sopka.  The cold pole of the inhabited world is located in the East Siberian Oimyakon (south of Verkhoyansk).

So, when you think about Norilsk weather, you have to consider that the city is in Siberia, right?!

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I want to live in Norilsk

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I want to live in Norilsk

I want to live in Norilsk

I want to live in Norilsk

Norilsk, Siberia that is mostly being criticized as “Hell on the earth” hardly needs any introduction but only a few people know that Norilsk is bliss for photographers and culturists. There are a number of exciting things to do in the city; from historical sites to cultural attractions, you can find dozens of attractions.

Norilsk Architecture

I want to live in Norilsk

I want to live in Norilsk

The architects have taken the considerable measure of fascinating ways to deal with the architecture of Norilsk, Russia. For example, Saint-Petersburg-style curves on Bogdana Khmelnitskogo road, heavenly places as "Alley of beloved" and "Island of romanticism". Outstanding amongst other sightseeing is a "Kissing bridge", a place where the newlywed couple stays for a while to make their marriage bonds more strong and make the strong bases for their family life.

The houses are fabricated opposite to the snowstorms that blow here from October to May. Extending for two kilometers, closed in the Saint Petersburg yard-wells, seem to be the plan of architects to provide protection against snowstorms.

Norilsk Religion

While talking about the religion of the Norilsk people, the first noteworthy place to be mentioned is a mosque that is northernmost Muslim prayer house in the world, built in 1998 by the community of local Tatar. Moreover, you will also find Russian Orthodox cathedral, a Ukrainian Orthodox church, and several Russian Orthodox churches.

Interests for tourists

A tremendous region secured with tundra lies directly behind the city. From the bridge over the river, you can see an astounding scene: far bare mountains, little lakes, and a dark forest with white birches. Practically every lake in Norilsk district has a tourist camp on its shore. Among these tourist camps, the most beautiful one is tourist camp of Norilsk Railway, as it is a kind of piece of the south on the north with a sand beach. There is additionally a delightful waterfall and high Red shakes in 40 minutes away by foot from Talnakh. There are extraordinary Lama Lake and "polar woods" arranged in 80 km far from Norilsk, Siberia. In addition, don’t forget to try local cuisine, enriched with all kinds of tundra such as fish, berries, meat, and mushrooms etc.

Nightlife

I want to live in Norilsk

I want to live in Norilsk

Nightlife is an important aspect of Norilsk life. Throbbing with vitality, marvelousness, and allure, the nightlife in Norilsk is an expedition into the heartland of clubs and partying spots. The Norilsk brags of a wide array of bars, clubs, and discotheques. The nightlife in the city is dominated by dancing clubs and lounges.

A significant number of the clubs have live bands performing prevalent international tracks! Nevertheless, nightlife in Norilsk isn't tied in with partying only; you can likewise go to a theater or enjoy a film at one of its cinema halls.

Well, Regardless of whether you want to experience Norilsk life for a brief timeframe or short, you certainly will understand this is a city of contrasts: in summer, the sun never sets, in 2 winter months it doesn't ascend at any part of the day. However, the Norilsk people like many who are the residents of Northern Siberia, accept their life with pride. You can find many hunters and anglers among Norilsk people as water tourism; mountain tourism and tundra tourism are very common here.

Last but not least! However, the snowy landscape can be a kind of barren life, but still, there is a life that flourishes above these covers of snow in Norilsk, Russia.

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Norilsk history and the future of the Siberian city

Norilsk history and the future of the Siberian city

Norilsk history and the future of the Siberian city

If you are visiting this site is because you have been following us for a while or because you have found us through a web search engine. Both options include an interest in Norilsk, in this case in the story of our Siberian city.

We won't go over the same old stories about Norilsk.  Plenty has been written about it and we have had enough of that negativity.  Instead, we would like to imagine its future.

Regarding the pollution problem, we expect there will be a gradual reduction of emissions and an increase of waste recycling. The natural resources of the region will be used ensuring sustainability.

Some of us were concerned with the possibility of the facilities shutting down, since the whole city relies on them to live, but instead of that there has been a reconfiguring of the production capacities and the adoption of new technologies.

In the past, Norilsk was focused on generating value under any circumstance, but years ago that has changed.

Norilsk climate change

Norilsk history and the future of the Siberian city

Norilsk history and the future of the Siberian city

Recently there has been some information that climate change is helping the city, since now is easier to get here by ship, but it is also something that worry us all.

We have seen some polar bears starving to death, because they are not able to find food and have to swim during miles as there are no sea ice for them to rest.  That is something terrible and will affect the fauna of the surroundings of the city.

The only way that Norilsk could have a bright future is by begin work today.

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Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

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Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Wrap up yourselves in a blanket as we are going to take you on the journey of immense spread desert of snow present at the edge of the world in northern part of Russia located above Arctic Circle. The place where the endless region of snow and ice is just hindered by the dark trunks of trees, which look as if they have been drawn by the pencil on a sheet of white paper. Yes! This is the journey to the world’s second-largest, northern-most city Norilsk, Siberia.

Most people complain about winter in a European countries because of the cold icy morning and the shortest dark days but there is a land on this planet where the residents endure an average temperature of -20º Celsius that sometimes even falls up to -50ºCelsius with two months of complete darkness (Polar Nights) in winter.

However, still, the people of Norilsk don't appear to smile less than individuals in any other part of the world. Norilsk possesses the largest nickel deposits on Earth. Therefore, mining and smelting ore are considered to be the major industries.

Norilsk is the center of a region where nickel, cobalt, copper, palladium, platinum, and coal are extracted.

Norilsk, The Closed City

Norilsk is also known as the closed city because there are no railways, no roads leading from the mainland, Russia to that city. Therefore, it’s impossible to plan your travel by ground though travelers might sail the river, 70 km away from Norilsk, but the time where there is snow all over, the Air communication is the only mean left.

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Norilsk Airport

Alykel airport that is the largest airport in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, serves the city of Norilsk and is located in the 35 kilometer west of Norilsk city.  Being constructed in 1964, it offers 24-hours operations. The length of its runway is 3.4 km (6,000 by 150 foot), which is capable serving medium-sized airliners. The airlines work together mainly with Russian airlines "Taimyr", "Nordavia", "Transaero", "Ural Airlines" and serves thousands of passengers a year.

Services Offered At Norilsk Alykel Airport

Alykel airport offers travelers a full range of services and comfort services. There are a few lounges, luggage packaging area, a left-luggage service, information display for the convenience of passengers to be aware of all the fundamental data about arriving and outgoing planes. There is also a bank, post office, a medical Centre, café, and restaurant. You will also find an Orthodox church that is open to the faithful. For passing through the boarding door, travelers have the option to either walk through the boarding bridge or they can use a bus that drops them to the airplane.

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Fly To Me, Fly To Norilsk

Special Services For Disable Ones

For the travelers with disabilities, there are a different set of services offered like, health workers support if they need and specialized car, bathrooms that are specially equipped for their ease and a separate rack to move in a wheelchair or stretcher.

Business Class passengers

Business class travelers are facilitated by providing extraordinary room space where they can use their office equipment like laptops, the facility to watch TV, free Wi-Fi, and more... Well for the ones who are waiting for their flight as weather conditions are not good sometimes for flight and it can be delayed, there is a comfortable hotel at the airport where they can stay at ease.

Heading to the City

There is an organized and functional transport available outside the airport by means of buses and minibusses "Gazelle", whereas you can avail the service of Urban taxis as well to reach the city where the hospital people of Norilsk would be waiting to warmly welcome you.

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Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

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Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

It’s round about 3 am and like every day and night again your thoughts are striking my mind. In these coldest nights of Norilsk sleep is nowhere in sight and how it can when all I see when I close my eyes is your face and my mind is constantly thinking about us being together forever apart from the world in this city of Norilsk.

I am thinking about the time when we will be together forever in this coldest place when the temperature even drops below -40Celcius and the best thing to keep ourselves warm would be to share the warmth of our bodies, how magical it would be? However, besides these thoughts, the thing that’s painful is, what if we fell apart?  Therefore, this time when we will meet you will promise to Love me in Norilsk and never leave me because I never wanna let you go.

Since the day I felt a love for you, I couldn't see my future without you. You brought me out of the dimness, from the life I was fine living and influenced me to find a completely new world. It was our very first hand in hand walk that made me confident to think that I can defend even the extreme challenges as long as your love is leading me.

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

 I adore you unendingly more than you know and I would take all those steps that can make our relationship more long-lasting. I need you to believe me with your life and I will keep that trust until my last breath in this snowy land of Norilsk, Siberia. I hope that you do feel bonded with me as I do to you. I will do everything possible to ensure you feel my love bond for you is unbreakable.

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

Love me in Norilsk and never leave me

So, let get into an unbreakable relationship in this world’s most northern city in Norilsk Russia, a city known to be an isolated one but a perfect place two like us to share love and affection with a population bit over 170,000 encircled by ice, snow and the warmth of love by Norilsk people. The people who speak to strangers because they have no fear in their hearts and the city of people who seek relentless joy no matter how hard is their living being trapped in snow for almost 267 days of the year and between the ones who know how to laugh with their whole souls. 

However, moving to Norilsk would be hard for you in the start and you will face so many hurdles, But My sweetheart!

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Loving you, Loving Norilsk

Loving you, Loving Norilsk

Loving you, Loving Norilsk

There's something so mysteriously sentimental about snowy landscapes, isn’t it? Snowy landscapes somehow hold its own wonders. Just imagine about the sensation it brings when you are being at the place covered up with snow, and you are surrounded by the snowstorms, the sight, the sounds and the smells it accompanies it and guess what? Right at that moment there is someone close to your heart is beside you and you are sharing your love and warmth, what else could be more satisfying then this if, you have ever experienced this and that is what the loving Norilsk brings to you. Therefore, it is the perfect moment to let you know more about Norilsk.

Something about the loving Norilsk

Norilsk is a mining city, the nearest to the polar circle has been the shocking casualty of misguided stereotyping. Numerous straight up envision Norilsk to be a cool, melancholy, disengaged, and out of reach city without any ties with the outside world. Hence, numerous nonnatives have deleted Norilsk off their travel diaries.

What is genuine is the inverse of that. Norilsk is a city with a population of 177,000 individuals, every one of whom adores it for its rough and crude magnificence and rich chronicled foundation. Norilsk is a home to solid and delightful souls, segregated urban communities, for example, in Norilsk; your odds of meeting the affection for your life are similarly as high as in some other city.

Norilsk, another name of magical love bond

When it comes down to issues of the heart, you truly can't anticipate where life takes you. To accept that living under extraordinary conditions will influence your likelihood of discovering love is strange. You could be stranded on a snow desert and you will get yourself attracted to somebody of note since that is the means by which the human heart is.

We as people are continually searching for the one who fills up our soul, body, and emotions. We know our imperfections and shortfalls. In this manner, the happiness and fulfillment that originates from just realizing that we have somebody who influences us to feel even decently "idealize" is the idea and belief system that drives us to scan for an ideal accomplice we can discover for ourselves.

We invest years concentrating on finding the individual who ticks off the most focuses from our fanciful arrangements of ascribes to search for in an accomplice. We concentrate on finding a perfect partner.

Loving you, Loving Norilsk

Loving you, Loving Norilsk

All the while, we tend to focus on what is extremely worth to have is mutual understanding and being compatible with each other. Try not to misperceive love, as it is straightforward. The affection for your life could be in any corner of the globe all it needs just is just paying little attention no matter whether you live in a big city or an isolated frosty town like loving Norilsk.

Last but not the least, the natives of Norilsk are straightforward, and kind to each other, as inhabitants of the North frequently have a tendency to be. It makes life simpler.

In Norilsk, outsiders regularly cross the street clasping hands and that is the reasons why we say love you, loving Norilsk.

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More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

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More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

Talking about the large cities in the world, one would quickly imagine places like China, The U.S and lots more before thinking of Russia in most cases. The Krai, a Russian federal subject with the administrative center in the city of Krasnoyarsk. The city of Krasnoyarsk happens to be the third largest city in Siberia holding nearly half the Siberian federal district. The size of the Krai stands it out amidst all other Krais in the Russian Federation. It turns out to be that the Krai is the largest Krai in the Russian Federation. The Krai is the third largest subnational governing body regarding the area in the world. It constitutes about 13% of the Russian Federation’s total area covering a significant area of approximately 2,339,700 square kilometers.

Located in the middle of Siberia is this Krai and of course with extreme temperature. The temperature of the city varies to a large extent with long winters and short, hot summer. The temperature ranges as low as -36oc in the north and -18oc in the south. The temperature is a bit fair in July with +10oc in the north and +20oc in the south. One moment people of Norilsk Siberia enjoys the most due to the fun activities is when it snows. This is something that happens early November until late March.

More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

The location of the Krai is so fantastic that it also stands in the basin of the Arctic Ocean with a significant number of rivers flowing through it. The major river is the Yenisei and its tributaries.

Building cities take ages especially the great ones. In 1934, Krasnoyarsk Krai was created after the disaggregation of the West Siberian and the East Siberian Krais.

Pride of the land

Every city has one thing or the other that does not only generate income for it but also act like something it glories in and derives pride from. We refer to them majorly as natural resources because they exist freely in nature. The Krai happens to be one of the wealthiest regions amongst the numerous present in Russia. This is a blessing to Norilsk Siberia, as it happens to exist in that part of Russia. The Krai hold about 8% of the country’s nickel, 70% of its copper, 75% of its cobalt, 16% of its coal, and about 10% of Russian gold which is one precious resource comes from this part of the country. Due to the natural endowment of Krai, extraction and mining activities became one of the major industrial activities there. The major industries in the region happen to be oil refining, chemical, energy, forestry, and non-ferrous metallurgy industries. Employment is to some reasonable extent available to the people of the area due to the availability of these industries. Apart from the minerals already listed above, more than 95% of Russian platinum and platinoids exists in the Krai. Financial industrial groups are also available in the region.

Life in the Krai

More about Krasnoyarsk Krai

Thinking about the condition of living or lifestyle of the people in the Krai, some certain necessities are considered. One of the significant things that determine the wellbeing of the people in any place is power generation. Being very close to the Yenisei River, Krai happens to be one of the most important generators of electricity in Russia. Two most powerful hydroelectric plant in Norilsk is present in this region. This has to a large extent influence/affect the availability of industries in the region, as industries tend to survive better in an area where there is stable electricity supply.

Accessing any region is very important not just for movement but also for business transactions with other cities and areas. The Trans-Siberian Railroad makes movement largely very easy for people in the region especially when it comes to transporting materials that cannot be easily carried through road networks.

Availability of various transportation options in Krai has helped in reducing congestion regarding transportation significantly. Good highways are available for road transportation for those who for one reason or the other prefers traveling by road than using the train system. The availability of water as boundaries shows that reaching some cities cannot be done by either road or rail but through the sea, which calls for the use of ship and ferries. The temperature condition in Russia generally could be extreme, giving birth to situations whereby the sea becomes frozen at times, and the air turns out to be the only way out when it comes to transporting things in and out of the land. The good thing about the Krai is that about 26 airports including international airports are available.

Education has always been and will still be an essential thing to the life of any individual. The Krasnoyarsk happens to be the site of the Siberian federal university, which is one of the four largest educational institutions of Russia.

Krasnoyarsk Krai is a beautiful place of amazement with lots of exciting things making it significant not just in Russia but also in other countries.

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Norilsk Siberian traps

Norilsk: Siberian traps

Norilsk: Siberian traps

Talking about traps, one would think of a bait and what the trap is meant to catch. Far from such, the meaning of the word trap as related to Norilsk Siberia is gotten from Swedish word trappa, which means something with the nature of a steplike hill. This hill forms the landscape of Siberia. A broad region of volcanic rock is formed by the Siberian trap, which could be referred to as large igneous province in the city.

How it came to be

The very question that would come to the mind of an individual is how the traps even came to existence. The source of this trap and the solution to this issue is not too far. Norilsk Siberian Traps basalt has been traced to a mantle plume, which goes as far as the base of the earth crust resulting in volcanic eruptions through Siberian Craton. It was thought of it that the movement of the earth’s lithospheric plates over the mantle plume that is the Iceland plume, the Siberian Trap is produced in the Permian and Triassic period. The latter effect results in the production of volcanic activity on the floor of the Arctic Ocean in the Jurassic and Cretaceous, which later generates volcanic activity in the Iceland.

Norilsk Siberian traps

Norilsk Siberian traps

Other possible causes have also been suggested to be responsible for the trap in Norilsk Siberia. Majorly other suggested reason happens to be related to plate tectonics, but another possible cause thought to be a result of an impact of the formed Wilkes Land Crater in the Antarctica which was considered to be reasonable contemporaneous and nearly antipodal to the traps.

The time of formation of the trap is very important to trace things related to it, so also is the tracing of the time essential to know the actual cause of the eruption and possible effects it could have. The Siberian Traps in Norilsk is considered to have erupted through several vents over a period, which could be traced to about a million year or more. These vents are possible located in the east and south of Norilsk. The distance of eruption is very significant also in this situation. It was calculated that each erupted basalt lavas could go as far as 2000 km3. With further tracing and studying, the extensive tuff and pyroclastic deposits suggests sizeable explosive eruption must have taken place during or before the basaltic lavas eruptions. Finding rhyolite and other silicic volcanic rock also indicate explosive eruptions.

Impact of the eruption

There have been several debates over the possible effect of the eruption in Norilsk Siberia, one of which was said to be massive extinction. The events of a traumatic extinction that took place millions of years ago lead to lots of research by different scientists as the world demands an explanation for the disappearance of various rare species on earth. Research from Carnegie’s Linda Elkins-Tanton and her co-authors offers insight into how the eruption from Norilsk Siberian could have contributed to the massive deterioration in the global environment.

More than 90 percent marine species were lost during this period and more than 70 percent terrestrial species too. The event was traced to know the extent of damages caused. The fossil record suggests there has not been a full recovery since this incident.

Norilsk Siberian traps

Norilsk Siberian traps

One must be thinking how this could be related to Siberian Trap/eruptions in Norilsk Siberia. Research has shown that the gases released during the event must have perhaps included sulfur particles which when in the atmosphere must have caused the heat from the sun to be returned into space producing a cooling effect on the planet. Alternatively, probably nonmetallic elements such as chlorine must have affected the ozone layer in the stratosphere largely.

A team led by reputable scientists such as Benjamin Black of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology studied the geology of the Siberian traps to be made of flood basalts, which is responsible for the formation of giant lava eruption, which coats large swaths of land or even ocean floor with basaltic lava. The lava was studied and the possibilities of it hardening to form rocks were found. With thorough investigation, the team looked deeply into the concentration of sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine that was found to dissolve in tiny samples of ancient magma found within basalt samples from Siberian Traps. Dating the small frozen droplets backward, it was found to hold records of volcanic gases from about 250 million years ago which correlates significantly with the time the significant extinction took place.

It was suggested that the release of gases such as sulfur, fluorine, and the likes could have caused large fissures, which is common in the basalt flood formation, which could have possible reached the ozone layer in the stratosphere to cause adverse climatic change. Research is still on to validate the reality of these facts.