The ancestors of the Siberian Husky come from northern Siberia. For centuries they were indispensable companions of the nomadic peoples living there, for example the Chukchi .
In 1909, a native of Siberia, fur traders reported William Goosak with its small, relatively petite dogs for All-Alaska Sweepstakes - Sled Dog Race (408 miles from Nome to Candle and back) on. He was ridiculed for his "little dogs". Goosak took third place in this demanding race. The following year, John Johnson ("Iron Man") won with equally small dogs. The other two registered teams of "Siberian Huskies" took the places two and four. Then in 1910 in Alaska, the breed by the Norwegian musher Leonard Seppalafounded. Seppalas dog Togo played an important role in the breeding development.
At present, many of the Siberian husky registered in North America are descendants of the first dogs imported from Siberia in 1930, having been trained by Leonhard Seppala.
The main features of the appearance are according to the breed standard: The males grow up to 60 cm and the females up to 56 cm. The weight of adult males is up to 28 kg and that of femailes up to 23 kg. The structure of the body should be substantially rectangular, the height of the trunk should be in good proportion to the length. The most important thing in the assessment of physique is the suitability of the huskies to train work. The coat of the Siberian Husky consists of two layers: the undercoat and mid-length top coat. While the undercoat, which is changed once or twice a year, is pure white or only slightly colored, the top coat can assume all colors from white to red and gray to black. The most common drawing on the body is a strong coloration on the back, which becomes weaker over the sides to the belly. The drawing Pinto (piebald coat) is rarely seen. Belly and chest are usually pure white.
The skull slightly converges to the eyes and has a pronounced stop. He should overall give a not too massive impression. The catch runs slightly towards the nose, without being pointed. The ears are medium sized, triangular, closely spaced and set high. They are thick and well haired. The nose is adapted to coat color, liver in red, black in black and gray dogs. An incomplete pigmentation (so-called snow nose) is not a breeding error. The eyes can be blue or brown or amber. The appearance of differently colored or mixed-colored eyes corresponds to the breed standard. Often one eye is brown, the other blue ( odd-eyed). The head skin is often drawn conspicuously in the form of an open or closed mask. According to the standard, the Siberian Husky has a sickle rod, which should by no means be worn rolled over the body. Husky's bushy tail features extra stiff sticky hair and no (or little) undercoat . As a result, the Husky is able to be completely snowed in by a snowstorm, curling up and putting his nose under the tail. This acts as an air filter and air preheating, so that the husky can spend the night under the snow.
The husky is optimally adapted to the polar regions. His coat has two layers: the covering hair, which are water-repellent and robust, and the undercoat , which consists of fine hair. The two layers provide optimal thermal insulation , as the undercoat forms heat (friction) during the dog's movements, and the covering hair prevents heat loss. The paws are comparatively smaller and more compact in the Husky than those of similarly sized dogs. Thus, the heat loss is counteracted here, and the risk of injury is limited.