Norilsk is the right spot to enjoy magnificent Auroras Borealis.
Most of them ocurr in a band known as the auroral zone, which is 3° to 6° wide in latitude and between 10° and 20° from the geomagnetic poles at all local times (or longitudes).
Most of them are clearly seen at night against a dark and clean sky.
A region that currently displays an aurora is called the auroral oval, a band displaced towards the nightside of the Earth.
Norilsk Northern Lights
In northern latitudes, such as Norilsk's, the northernmost city, the effect is known as the Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights.
What is the cause of an Aurora Borealis?
A geomagnetic storm causes the auroral ovals to expand, and bring the aurora to lower latitudes, so they can be seen and admire from the ground directly with the eyes.
It was hardly ever seen near the geographic pole, which is about 2000 km away from the magnetic pole. This is the reason why Norilsk is one of the best spots in the world to see an Aurora Borealis.
Aurora Borealis: Green or Red?
Auroras seen within the auroral oval may be directly overhead, but from farther away they illuminate the poleward horizon as a greenish glow, or sometimes a faint red, as if the Sun were rising from an unusual direction.
In Norilsk, green is the regular color in which Auroras could be seen.
For people in Norilsk, Auroras are a magnificent gift of nature. Even if we are able to see them several times and year after year, they still make us feel like we are a very important part of Siberia, Russia, and this is one of the main reasons why we keep receiving this honor.
Some times is hard for people who only get information of the city from western sources to understand that Norilsk is a city with some privileges andthat some of them are because of our geographical position and the Siberian nature.